Back Spasm: Causes, Symptoms And Treatment

by Administrator 25. October 2016 07:20

Back Spasm refers to a sudden and involuntary tightening of a muscle in response to strain, weakness or overuse. The condition may range from mild discomfort to severe pain which makes walking a difficult task. It commonly occurs in people of all age groups, irrespective of the gender.

Causes:

  • Muscle and back injury
  • Nerve irritation
  • Nerve compression
  • Medical conditions such as Hypocalcaemia, Sciatica, and Osteoarthritis etc.
  • Lack of proper hydration.
  • Overuse or stress in the spinal column.
  • Infection in any part of the spine

Symptoms:

  • Backache
  • Hip pain
  • Curvature of the spine resulting in lack of stability or balance
  • Numbness and tingling sensation in the back and thighs
  • Pain at the back of the head, in some cases
  • Muscle weakness or strain
  • Neck pain and stiffness
  • Shoulder or arm pain

Diagnosis:

A doctor may examine the patient’s medical history along with the symptoms. Factors like the severity of the pain and the frequency of its occurrence are focused upon. A physical examination may be conducted and the spine and limbs are properly analyzed. An X-ray may be performed to look for signs of Arthritis or fracture. An MRI or CT scan may also help in inspecting the muscles and other soft tissues properly along with identifying possible problems with the blood supply to the affected area.

Treatment:

  • Muscle relaxants: There are prescribed medication that give a relaxing effect to the body. They are given in cases of acute pain on a short-term basis.
  • Cold therapy: Applying ice wrapped in a cloth to the affected area or any other cold pack would help in relieving inflammation and pain considerably.
  • Reduced stress on back: Spasms can be treated through appropriate amount of rest. This can be done by laying on the back in bed with upper body supported at a slight incline and pillow under the knees or sitting at an incline in a reclining chair with legs supported and knees slightly bent.
  • Walking a lot: Walking is a great cure to spasms. This can include several short walks for a particular time duration around the house followed by increased walk intensity, as tolerated. Prolonged inactivity will stiffen the muscles and will lead to more pain. Walking is gentle on the back and promotes blood flow enabling speedy recovery.
  • Heating pads and heat therapy: Applying a heating pad to the affected area is also a good method in soothing pain and inflammation.
  • Surgical intervention: It may be required if the condition is caused due to some underlying anatomical disorder, degeneration of the spine, spinal fractures or damage to the discs.

The spine surgeons at OrthoTexas, Frisco offer complete treatment of Back Spasm. To request an appointment, call at (214) 618 – 5502.

Tags: ,