Spondylosis: Orthopedic Frisco, TX

by Administrator 6. January 2016 13:03

Spondylosis, or Osteoarthritis of spine, refers to the condition of degeneration of the spine. It may lead to pain in the neck, shoulder, arms and head. If the problem occurs in the neck it is called Cervical Spondylosis, if it affects the lower back it is termed Lumbar Spondylosis and the Thoracic Spondylosis affects the middle portion of the back. Although Spondylosis can affect anybody irrespective of age and gender, it is more rampant in the old age.

As the human body ages, the discs bones of the spine undergo abrasion, lose the cartilage cushioning as well as fluids. This causes stiffness, pain and lack of mobility. In most cases the symptoms of Spondylosis may get alleviated through conservative therapy and rest. It is rarely degenerative and most people do not require surgical intervention.

Causes

  • Breakdown/wear and tear of cartilage which causes the bones in the spine to grind against each other leading to friction, pain as well as reduced mobility
  • Development of bone spurs which can irritate or impinge upon the nerve endings, ligaments and muscles surrounding the spinal cord
  • Spinal Osteoarthritis which affects the joints at the back of each vertebra
  • Spinal Stenosis causing compression of the nerve root as it moves through the opening (foramina) in vertebra
  • Degenerative Disc Disease
  • Impingement of the vertebral opening (foramina) by a bone spur
  • Thickening of the ligaments with age and they start impinging on the spinal canal which in turn narrows down

Symptoms

  • Inability to bend or rotate the neck
  • Pain that begins in the neck and diffuses upwards into the head
  • Pain may radiate to the shoulder or arms
  • A grinding feel while moving the neck
  • Stiffness
  • Nausea and lack of balance in the body
  • Numbness or tingling sensation in the hands, arms, legs or neck
  • Muscle spasms
  • Bladder continence in severe cases

Diagnosis

  • Physical examination to assess the range of motion of the neck
  • Analysis of the medical history of the patient
  • MRI or CT scan can be used to diagnose the location of pain
  • The doctor may conduct the Cervical Compression Test by applying pressure on the head and flexing the neck manually

Treatment

  • Prescription of anti-inflammatory non-steroidal drugs to alleviate pain
  • Physical therapy to strengthen the core muscles and increase the range of motion
  • Maintaining good physical posture along with some lifestyle modifications
  • Application of alternate cold and heat therapy
  • Mechanical traction to help reduce the pain
  • Decompression therapies which may include manual mobilization or spinal adjustments
  • Wearing a collar
  • Injecting specific drugs into the spine
  • Surgical removal of the intervertebral parts of the disc to ease the pressure on the nerve roots

Visit OrthoTexas, Frisco for diagnosis and treatment of Spondylosis. To schedule an appointment with the spine specialists, you can call at (214) 618 – 5502.

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