Orthopedic Treatment For Low Back Pain

by Administrator 15. May 2015 10:04

Low back pain is a common problem faced by most people. It can range from mild to severe and impact the ability to perform day-to-day activities. The spine is made of a number of vertebrae, ligaments, nerves and muscles and complication in any of these structures can lead to pain in the back.

Causes

Some of the causes of low back pain are:

  • Degenerative changes in the spine due to aging
  • Repeated overuse of muscles and ligaments
  • Injuries
  • Over activity
  • Tears in muscles or ligaments
  • Slip disk or herniated disk
  • Lifting
  • Bending
  • Osteoarthritis
  • Spinal stenosis
  • Scoliosis

Symptoms

  • Sharp and stabbing pain
  • Pain that worsens with lifting and bending
  • Numbness
  • Inflammation
  • swelling
  • Tingling
  • Weakness

Diagnosis

When you visit an orthopedic doctor with the above stated symptoms he may examine your back and discuss your medical history. The doctor may also ask you to bend backwards, forwards and side-to-side to look at any limitations in movement. The orthopedic surgeon often recommend imaging tests such as X-rays, MRI, CAT scans, bone scans and bone density tests to determine the extent of injury.

Treatment

Depending upon the severity of the condition, low back pain can be treated non-surgically with medication and physiotherapy, or surgically. The orthopedic physician will guide you about the line of treatment that suits your condition.

Non-surgical treatment

To relieve pain and reduce swelling, the doctor can prescribe anti-inflammatory medicines. He may recommend using heat or ice packs and to offer support to the back, you may have to wear braces. Besides these treatments physiotherapy and exercise-based programs are also effective in offering relief from low back pain.

Surgical treatment

If the non-surgical methods do not work, then you may be advised to go for surgery. Spinal fusion is a type of surgery that fuses the painful vertebrae to heal them. It is usually performed when pain occurs due to motion, spinal instability or severe degeneration. Another technique used to fuse the vertebrae is bone graft, which is done with the help of rods, screw or a cage. However in severe cases, replacement is the only option and the disk is removed and replaced with artificial parts.

The doctors at OrthoTexas, Frisco provide complete treatment for low back pain. To schedule an appointment, you can call at (214) 618-5502.

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