Tailbone Pain: Causes, Symptoms And Treatment

by Administrator 24. February 2017 16:41

Tailbone or coccyx is a triangular, curved bone at the lower end of the spine. It is made up of four bones connected by ligaments and the vestigial disc. Pain in this part of the spine is medically referred to as Coccydynia. Tailbone pain is often misunderstood as lower back or butt pain and may not get diagnosed in the first place. This condition is observed to affect women more as they have a broader pelvis that gives more exposure to the coccyx.

Causes

  • Childbirth is a physically stressful process that may press or irritate the tailbone when the head of the baby passes out of the mother’s body
  • Falling on the back may damage the tailbone. Elderly are more prone to such injuries
  • Slipping on a hard surface may injure the bone
  • Spinal Tumor or infection
  • Sitting for prolonged periods may lead to tailbone pain
  • Injury while participating in recreational and sports activities such as skiing, football, skate boarding
  • Osteoporosis- weakening of the bones with age may make an individual prone to tailbone pain
  • Inflammation due to Arthritis

Symptoms

  • Constant, intense pain in the tailbone and buttocks
  • The pain may worsen upon sitting
  • Pain may radiate to the thighs and legs
  • Sitting on padded surface may increase the pain as it exerts upward pressure on the tailbone
  • Sudden shift from a sitting to standing position aggravates the pain
  • Bowel movements can be painful
  • Women may have painful menstrual cycles
  • Tenderness in the affected area
  • Visible bruising

Diagnosis

  • The patient’s medical history, frequency and symptoms may be noted
  • A detailed physical evaluation of the patient’s rectum and pelvis may be required
  • Neurological tests may be conducted in some cases
  • X-ray imaging may be done to analyze changes in the bone structure and diagnose fractures of the tailbone, if any
  • MRI scan may be required to detect spinal infections or tumors that may have affected the tailbone

Treatment

  • Prescription of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medicines
  • Heat or ice packs may provide relief from pain
  • In case the pain is severe and persistent, cortisone injections may be injected directly into the affected part
  • The patient may be advised to sit on a special donut shaped pillow (coccyx cushion) to eliminate pressure from the tailbone
  • Ultrasound therapy may be helpful in controlling the pain
  • Physical therapy may be recommended
  • Coccygectomy- A surgical procedure that involves extracting the affected part of the tailbone.

For treatment of tailbone pain and other spine conditions, visit OrthoTexas, Frisco. To schedule an appointment with the orthopedic surgeons in Frisco, TX, you can call at (214) 618 - 5502.

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Low Back Pain: Orthopedic Treatment In Frisco

by Administrator 21. September 2016 14:47

Lower back pain is a common ailment which generally affects people between 35 and 60 years of age due to various extrinsic and intrinsic factors. However, people in the younger age group may also be affected. Lower back pain can be limited to a particular portion in the spine or may radiate to other parts of the body, particularly the extremities. It can be physically limiting and should be given timely medical attention.

Causes

  • Poor posture
  • Sitting or standing for too long
  • Herniated Disc
  • Injury or trauma to the spinal cord
  • Degenerative Disc Disease which can damage the intervertebral discs and create instability in the lower spine
  • Strain caused to the ligaments or tendons due to overuse injury or weight lifting
  • Sudden increase in intensity of physical work/exercise
  • Stress caused due to sports injuries or strenuous physical activities
  • Mental or psychological stress can lead to backache
  • Isthmic Spondylolisthesis which involves slipping of a vertebrae in the lower back and consequent compression of the disc or nerve roots below it
  • Arthritis
  • Infrequent or excessive movement of the sacroiliac joint which connects the base of the spine (lower back) to each side of the hip joint
  • Spinal Stenosis
  • Compression fractures of the spine

Symptoms

  • Persistent dull ache to a sudden sharp pain in the lower back
  • Muscle spasms
  • Difficulty in walking, bending or lying down
  • The lower back may feel tender and sore when touched
  • Stopping an activity or changing the position may provide relief from pain
  • Pain may radiate into the hips and legs
  • Numbness and tingling sensation may be felt in the back or legs
  • Change in gait

Diagnosis

  • The movements and activities that aggravate pain may be analyzed
  • Assessment of the medical history and past injuries
  • Tests to evaluate the loss of motion and sensation
  • X-ray imaging to study the bone structure damage
  • MRI or CT scan to evaluate the damage to nerves and soft tissue structures
  • Myelogram test ay be recommended in some cases

Treatment

  • In most cases, the back pain may subside with conservative methods of treatment within 4-6 weeks. In the other cases, surgical intervention may be required.
  • Taking rest for a few days may reduce the stress on the spine as well as help the muscles and tissues recover
  • Heat and ice therapy may be recommended by the doctor to reduce pain and inflammation. They can be used in conjunction or alternately, as advised by the spine specialist
  • Prescription of pain killers or anti-inflammatory medicines
  • Light intensity exercises can be performed as to improve mobility and flexibility
  • Severe cases may require injecting steroids into the spine
  • Surgical fusion of the vertebrae to improve spine flexibility
  • Removal of damaged parts of the bone and soft tissue
  • A soft removable back brace can be worn for added support

The spine specialists at OrthoTexas, Frisco provide surgical and non-surgical treatment for low back pain. Patients in Frisco, TX can call at (214) 618 – 5502 to schedule an appointment with the doctors.

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Tips To Prevent Low Back Pain

by Administrator 21. July 2015 13:05

Low back pain occurs as a result of injury or progressive damage to the muscles, bones, ligaments, tissues or other structures in the lumbar spine. Most cases of low back pain are caused as a result of muscle strains due to improper bending or lifting. Although low back pain is a common problem, there are certain tips that you must follow to prevent it.

Some of the preventive measures are:

  • Exercise: Doing regular exercises can help to strengthen the core muscles and avoid injury to the lower back. Light physical activity decreases muscle tension, keeps the back flexible and increases blood flow to the spine. This maintains proper supply of essential nutrients to the spinal discs.
  • Lift Heavy Objects Correctly: Majority of low back injuries occur as a result of improper lifting habits. Thus, it is important that you take proper precautions while lifting heavy weights or picking an object from the ground. Make sure you squat instead of bend and keep your back straight to avoid putting pressure on your lower back.   
  • Maintain Healthy Weight: The ligaments and muscles in the lumbar support a large part of your total body weight. Excessive pressure or strain on this area can lead to chronic pain and discomfort. Thus, you should maintain a healthy weight to prevent low back pain.
  • Correct Your Posture: Low back pain is common in people whose job involves sitting in front of computers for long hours. You must pay attention to the type of chair you use and your posture to avoid sprains in the lower back. You should also take short breaks and stretch your back muscles after frequent intervals to remove pressure from the spine.
  • Sleeping Position: Ensuring a correct sleeping position can also help to reduce the incidence of low back pain. It is recommended to avoid sleeping on your back or stomach as this can strain the muscles in the lumbar spine. Using the right mattress, sleeping on your sides and putting a pillow under your knees can help to prevent low back pain.  
  • Avoid Sprains And Strains: Often, the lower back gets strained due to sudden twisting or overextending the muscles to reach an object. Therefore, you should refrain from such activities and limit strenuous movements to prevent exerting your back.

If you experience low back pain, visit OrthoTexas, Frisco for complete diagnosis and treatment. To schedule an appointment with the spine specialists, you can call at (214) 618 – 5502 or visit 5757 Warren Pkwy, Suite 180, Frisco, TX 75034.

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