Orthopedic Treatment For Herniated Disc

by Administrator 4. June 2015 10:49

Herniated Disc refers to a condition in one of the discs between the vertebrae, which stack up to make the spine. Discs are rubbery cushion like structures present between the individual bones in the spine. A Herniated Disc, also known as raptured disc or slipped disc, can occur when the disc pushes out through a crack in the outer bone. It can irritate the nearby nerves and cause weakness in arms or legs.

Causes

  • Aging
  • Injury
  • Genetics
  • Lifting weight in an incorrect posture
  • Fall

Symptoms

  • Pain in arm or leg
  • Numbness and tingling sensations
  • Weakness
  • Sharp pain in the neck
  • Back pain
  • Loss of bladder control
  • Risk Factors
  • Weight
  • Occupation
  • Genetics

Diagnosis

  • To determine if the patient has Herniated Disc, the doctors may ask the patient for his complete medical history and may also conduct physical examinations. This examination can include neurological examination in order to detect muscle weakness. The doctor may ask the patient to walk on heels or toes to check their strength. The doctor may also detect the loss of sensation by touching numbness to light touch in the leg and foot. The physical examination may also include a straight leg raise test.
  • To help confirm the diagnosis of a Herniated Disc, the doctor may also ask for X-ray or MRI scan to create clear images of soft tissues. The doctor devises the treatment after determining the cause and extent of the condition.

Treatment

Non-surgical treatment:

  • Rest: Patients suffering from Herniated Disc are usually suggested to take rest for some days. Bed rest can help in reducing pain although the doctor may not advise it for a long time.
  • Anti-inflammatories: The prime motive of treatment of Herniated Disc is to get relief from the pain. The doctor may prescribe anti-inflammatory medication to the patient in order to minimize pain and reduce swelling.
  • Exercises and physical therapy: Various physical therapy exercises can be helpful in decreasing the pain of Herniated Disc. Physical therapists may also suggest the patient to use heat or ice, short term bracing or electrical stimulation.
  • Injections: They can be helpful in minimizing swelling and providing relief from many other symptoms.

Surgical Treatment:

If the non-surgical treatment options do not provide relief the doctor may recommend surgery. It is followed by post-operative care and rehabilitation. It is essential to undergo regular follow check-ups to ensure proper healing.

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